Artificial Intelligence (AI) - January 2024 Regulatory Report

A total of 147 bills related to AI are advancing through various stages of the legislative process in the United States.

Prepared By: Rebecca Domm, Legal Researcher

The beginning of the new year marked a significant increase in legislative activity concerning artificial intelligence (AI) at both state and federal levels. A total of 147 bills related to AI are advancing through various stages of the legislative process. Notably, California, New York, New Jersey, Hawaii, Tennessee, and Virginia emerged as the most active states. 

This report will explore the bills introduced and those that are progressing through various stages of the legislative process in January 2024, including a complete list under ‘State and Federal Legislation.’

Legislative Trends

Recent legislative trends indicate a significant focus on various categories pertaining to AI in bills. These categories encompass a wide array of societal and governmental concerns, reflecting a growing recognition of the far-reaching impact of AI technologies. 

Notably, there is a discernible emphasis on Campaigning and Elections legislation, aimed at guaranteeing fairness and transparency in electoral processes while addressing the specific implications of AI. 

Additionally, there is a lot of focus on personal safety and privacy. Protection of Minors legislation is gaining traction, with a dedicated focus on ensuring the safety and well-being of children amidst the proliferation of AI-generated content, encompassing welfare, protection from exploitation, and the maintenance of secure environments. Explicit Material regulations are also on the rise, particularly concerning the prevention of AI-generated explicit content featuring nonconsenting individuals and safeguarding minors. False Personation legislation is evolving to address instances involving AI, aiming to prevent misuse and fraudulent activities. 

Moreover, efforts are underway to define and protect personhood in the context of AI, with proposed bills advocating for ethical treatment and legal frameworks. Public Safety measures are increasingly incorporating AI to enhance law enforcement, emergency response, and firefighter operations. 

Consumer Protection laws are being formulated to ensure fair practices, transparency, and ethical use of AI in products and services, thereby safeguarding consumers from potential risks and abuses. Furthermore, the establishment of New Agencies and Committees is being proposed, dedicated to oversight, regulation, and examination of AI-related matters. 

State Government Transparency and Funding legislation is being introduced to ensure responsible integration and ethical use of AI in governmental operations. Education-focused bills aim to responsibly integrate AI in education, ensuring equitable access and ethical utilization for enhanced learning outcomes. 

Finally, Business and Healthcare sectors are witnessing legislative initiatives addressing the ethical use, impact, and transparency of AI, ensuring responsible innovation, consumer protection, and improved healthcare outcomes. These trends underscore the multifaceted nature of AI regulation and the concerted efforts to navigate its complexities while safeguarding societal interests and values.

Compliance Implications

Recent developments in AI-related legislation are critical for several reasons. Firstly, as AI technologies continue to permeate various sectors of society, including crucial domains such as elections, healthcare, and education, there is a clear need for regulatory guardrails. These regulations are essential to ensure accountability, fairness, and the ethical use of AI, safeguarding against potential misuse and abuse. 

Secondly, these laws are crucial in addressing AI adoption's emerging challenges and risks. Issues, such as privacy breaches, biases in decision-making algorithms, and the vulnerability of specific populations to exploitation, require proactive legislative measures to mitigate potential harm. Establishing consistent and well-defined regulations is pivotal in fostering innovation within the AI landscape. 

By providing businesses and developers with clear guidelines on acceptable practices and permissible uses of AI, these regulations stimulate responsible innovation. Moreover, these laws enhance public trust and confidence in AI systems by demonstrating a commitment to protecting individual rights and promoting transparency in AI development and deployment. 

Overall, recent trends in laws related to AI play a crucial role in shaping the ethical, legal, and societal implications of AI adoption, ensuring that its benefits are maximized while its potential harms are effectively mitigated. Recent trends in AI-related laws have broad implications in the legal and compliance fields. 

  • Legal professionals, including technology law and regulatory compliance specialists, are tasked with staying updated on AI-related legislation to advise clients effectively and may be involved in drafting or challenging such laws. 
  • Compliance officers must understand how these laws impact organizational adherence and may need to develop new policies for AI systems. 
  • Government regulators enforce new AI-related laws and contribute to developing guidelines for AI use. 
  • Corporate counsel ensures compliance with laws and advocates for balanced regulatory frameworks. Data protection and ethics officers must adapt to the evolving regulatory landscape surrounding AI use. These trends require proactive adaptation from legal and compliance professionals to ensure compliance and informed decision-making.

State and Federal Proposed Legislation

Federal Oversight 

  • Federal HR 6936 (01/10/2024) Referred to Committee on Oversight and Accountability - Mandates that Federal agencies must utilize the Artificial Intelligence Risk Management Framework developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology when employing artificial intelligence.
  • Federal HR 6943 (01/10/2024) Referred to House Committee on the Judiciary - Introduces the "No AI FRAUD Act of 2024" to establish individual property rights in likeness and voice, preventing the creation of unauthorized duplications and fake replicas through artificial intelligence.
  • Federal HR 7123 (01/29/2024)  Referred to the House Committee of Energy and Commerce - Amends the Communications Act of 1934 to require disclosures with respect to robocalls using artificial intelligence and to provide for enhanced penalties for certain violations involving artificial intelligence voice or text message impersonation.
  • Federal HR 7120 (01/29/2024) Referred to the House Committee of Energy and Commerce - Directs the Federal Trade Commission to revise the Telemarketing Sales Rule to require disclosures for telemarketing using artificial intelligence and to provide for enhanced penalties for violations involving artificial intelligence voice or text message impersonation
  • Federal HR 990 (01/31/2024) Referred to the Education and Workforce Committee - Advocates for fair compensation and involvement of paraprofessionals in decisions about implementing technology in schools, emphasizing their right to input on electronic monitoring, data, algorithms, and artificial intelligence. 

Campaigning and Elections

  • Alaska SB 177 (01/16/2024) Referred to State Affairs - Requires disclosure of deepfakes in campaign communications.
  • Arizona HB 2394  (01/29/2024) House Consent Calendar - Establishes that a candidate for public office or any citizen in the state has the right to file a legal action for digital impersonation within two years of discovering or reasonably should have discovered the publication of a digital impersonation of that person.
  • Arizona SB 1360 (01/30/2024) Senate Second Reading - Relating to elections, specifies tabulating equipment for experimental and emergency use, explicitly barring the inclusion of artificial intelligence or learning technology.
  • Colorado HB24-1147 (01/29/2024) Introduced - Establishes a legal framework to regulate the use of deepfakes created through generative artificial intelligence (AI) in communications regarding candidates for elective office.
  • Georgia SB 392 (01/24/2024) Introduced and Georgia HB 986 (01/24/2024) House Second Reading- Establishes the criminal offense of interfering with elections through the creation and solicitation of deep fakes.
  • Hawaii HB1766 (01/26/2024) Bill scheduled to be heard by JHA Hawaii and SB 2396 (01/26/2024) Senate First Reading - Prohibits the distribution of electioneering communications before an election that a person knows or should have known are deceptive and fraudulent deepfakes of a candidate or party. 
  • Hawaii HB 1734 (01/19/2024) Introduced - Mandates that campaign advertisements utilizing generative artificial intelligence for creating images, video footage, or audio recordings must include a disclosure statement about the use of this technology.
  • Illinois SB 2762 (01/16/2024) Senate Referred to Assignments - Election CD-AI-  Requires if a person or group utilizes artificial intelligence to produce a qualified political advertisement, the ad must prominently disclose this information in a noticeable manner.
  • Illinois SB 2983 (01/31/2024) Senate Referred to Assignments and HB 4624 (01/30/2024) Referred to Rules Committee - Amends the Election Code broadens the definition of "deception or forgery" to include the creation and distribution of misleading digital content, particularly if produced by government officials or agencies. Additionally, it introduces a definition of "artificial intelligence" as a machine-based system capable of influencing environments based on human-defined objectives, including generative AI.
  • Indiana HB 1283 and SB 7 (01/09/2024) Introduced - Amends the code concerning the use of altered media in elections. 
  • Kansas HB 2576  (01/24/2024) Referring to Committee on Elections - Requires publication of signed statements of fair campaign practices
  • Kansas HB 2559 (01/24/2024) Referring to Committee on Elections and Kansas SB 375 (01/23/2024)  Referring Committee on Federal and State Affairs - prohibits the utilization of generative artificial intelligence to fabricate misleading depictions of candidates in campaign media or state officials 
  • Nebraska LB 1203 (01/16/2024) Introduced - Regulates artificial intelligence in media and political advertisements under the Nebraska Political Accountability and Disclosure Act
  • New Mexico HB 182 (01/22/2024) Introduced - Modifying and implementing sections of the Campaign Reporting Act by introducing disclaimer requirements for advertisements created through the use of artificial intelligence
  • New York S08400 (01/26/2024) Introduced - Prohibits the creation and dissemination of synthetic media with the intent of influencing elections.
  • Rhode Island 7387 (01/31/2024) Introduced - Prohibits the use of synthetic media, including manipulated images, audio, or videos created through digital technology, by individuals, corporations, or political action committees within 90 days of an election.
  • South Carolina H 4660 (01/09/2024) Referred to Committee of Judiciary - Proposes an addition to the South Carolina Code of Laws (Section 7-25-230) prohibiting the distribution of deceptive and fraudulent deepfake media of a candidate within ninety days of an election, unless the media includes requisite disclosure language. 
  • South Dakota SB 96 (01/18/2024) Introduced - Prohibits the use of a deepfake to influence an election. 
  • Tennessee HB 2185 and SB 2057 (01/29/2024) Introduced - Requires political advertisements that are created in whole or in part by artificial intelligence to include certain disclaimers.
  • Tennessee HB 2501 (01/31/2024) and SB 2386 (01/31/2024) Introduced - Mandates disclosure for political communications using synthetic media, requiring a clear statement about the use of artificial intelligence on all types of communication. 
  • Utah HB 329 (01/19/2024) Introduced- Addresses artificial intelligence and political advertising.
  • Utah SB 131 (1/28/2024) Senate Standing Committee - Introduces regulations concerning disclosures and penalties in connection with the utilization of synthetic media and artificial intelligence in political campaigns.

Protection of Minors

  • Alaska HB 271 - Prohibits social media platforms from using algorithms, AI, machine learning to select, recommend, rank or personalize content for a minor based on minor’s user profile, preferences, behavior, location, or other data. 
  • Arizona HB 2307 (01/23/2024) Second Reading - Prohibits individuals or entities involved in establishing, creating, or using an artificial intelligence system from allowing the system to generate, store, or use material related to child sexual abuse.
  • California AB 1873 (01/22/2024) Introduced and SB 933 (01/16/2024) Introduced - Criminalizes the development, duplication, printing, or exchange of AI-generated depictions depicting individuals under 18 engaged in sexual conduct. 
  • Ohio SB 217 (01/24/2024) - Requires AI-generated products to have a watermark, to prohibit simulated child pornography, and to prohibit identity fraud using a replica of a person.
  • South Dakota SB79 (01/25/2024) Passed Body of Origin - Revises provisions related to the possession, distribution, and manufacture of child pornography.
  • Tennessee HB2163 (01/29/2024) Introduced - Clarifies that, concerning offenses related to the sexual exploitation of children, the term "material" encompasses any computer image or computer-generated image, including those created, adapted, or modified by artificial intelligence.
  • Tennessee HB 2668 (01/31/2024) Introduced - Amendment to the Tennessee Code Annotated incorporates artificial intelligence into the definition of computer-generated images concerning sexual exploitation of minors.
  • Utah H.C.R. 3 (01/16/2024)  Introduced - Addresses the increasing presence of child sexual abuse material on the Internet and underscores the role of emerging technologies in its proliferation.

Explicit Material 

  • Idaho HB 391 (01/12/2024) Introduced - Adds to existing law to provide for the crime of disclosing explicit synthetic media.
  • Indiana HB 1047 (01/18/2024) Passed Body of Origin - Specifies that certain images created by artificial intelligence or similar means are classified as "intimate images" for the purposes of the crime of distributing an intimate image.
  • New Jersey S976 (01/09/2024) Introduced - Prohibits deepfake pornography and imposes criminal and civil penalties for non-consensual disclosure.
  • New Jersey A1892 (01/09/2024) Introduced - Bans the creation and distribution of deepfake pornography, imposing criminal and civil penalties for unauthorized disclosure.
  • Tennessee SB 2003 (01/29/2024) Introduced and HB 20230 (01/24/2024) Introduced - Broadens the offense of unlawful exposure to encompass any computer image or computer-generated image, including those created, adapted, or modified by artificial intelligence, regardless of the means of creation.
  • Tennessee HB 1964 (01/24/2024)  Introduced and SB 1912 (01/24/2024) Introduced - Expands the unlawful exposure offense to include the intentional distribution of images depicting intimate parts or sexually explicit conduct, created or modified using computer software, artificial intelligence, or digital editing tools. Specifies the inclusion of computer-generated images in the term "material" for sexual exploitation of children offenses.
  • Virginia HB 1525 (01/31/2024) House Subcommittee - Prohibits creating any explicit material through AI featuring a nonconsenting person.

Public Safety 

  • California AB 1814 (01/10/2024) Introduced - Prohibits a law enforcement agency or peace officer from using an FRT-generated match as the sole basis for probable cause in an arrest, search, or warrant.
  • Florida HB 1682 (01/24/2024) On Committee Agenda - Provides an exemption from public records requirements for information relating to investigations by the Department of Legal Affairs and law enforcement agencies of certain artificial intelligence transparency violations.
  • Hawaii HB 1949 (01/22/2024) Introduced and SB 2502 Referred to HRE - Pertains to the creation of wildfire susceptibility maps for Hawaii includes the use of AI. 
  • Maryland HB 388 (01/30/2024) House Hearing on 2/13/2024 - Establishes requirements, procedures, and prohibitions for the use of facial recognition technology by law enforcement agencies under specific circumstances.
  • Maryland HB 338 (01/17/2024) Introduced and SB 0182(01/17/2024)  Introduced - Sets requirements, procedures, and prohibitions for facial recognition technology.
  • Maryland SB 127 (01/10/2024) Introduced - Requires evaluating firearm detection platforms, utilizing artificial intelligence and validation mechanisms, in collaboration with designated entities.
  • New York 8390 (01/26/2024) Introduced - Amends the criminal procedure law and the  civil  practice  law and  rules, in  relation  to the admissibility of evidence created or processed by artificial intelligence.
  • Virginia HB 249 (01/31/2024) Subcommittee recommendation - Pertains to law enforcement agencies and their use of generative artificial intelligence and machine learning systems.

False Personation 

  • California SB 970 (01/25/2024) Introduced - Defines terms related to artificial intelligence and synthetic recordings, classifying the use of such recordings as false personation under criminal provisions.
  • Illinois- SB 2847 (01/19/2024) Referred to Assignments - Provides that certain forms of false personation may be accomplished by artificial intelligence. 
  • New Jersey S736 (01/09/2024) Introduced - Extends crime of identity theft to include fraudulent impersonation or false depiction by means of artificial intelligence or deepfake technology.
  • Pennsylvania SB 1045 (01/29/2024) Introduced - Amends Title 18 (Crimes and Offenses) of the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, in forgery and fraudulent practices, providing for the offense of unauthorized dissemination of artificially generated impersonation of individuals.

Personhood Defined and Protected 

  • New York S8209 (01/12/2024) and  A08129 (01/12/2024) Introduced - Amends the state technology law, in relation to enacting  the New York artificial intelligence bill of rights.
  • Oklahoma HB 3453 (02/05/2024) and SB 1975 (02/05/2024) Introduced - Creates the Oklahoma Artificial Intelligence Bill of Rights, providing definitions and sets out the rights of Oklahomans when engaging with artificial intelligence.
  • Tennessee SB 2535 (01/31/2024) Introduced - Defines "life" as the condition distinguishing animals and plants from inorganic matter, explicitly excluding artificial intelligence, computer algorithms, software programs, computer hardware, or any type of machine.
  • Utah 249 (01/30/2024) Senate received from the House - Prohibits a governmental entity from granting or recognizing legal personhood in certain categories of nonhumans.

Consumer Protection

  • California SB 942 (01/17/2024) Introduced - Establishes a mechanism for consumers to easily discern whether content, including images, audio, video, or text, was generated by artificial intelligence.
  • California AB 1824 (01/11/2024) Introduced - Creates a disclosure requirement for content generated through artificial intelligence.
  • California SB-892 (01/03/2024) Introduced - Requires the Department of Technology to establish safety, privacy, and nondiscrimination standards relating to artificial intelligence services, as defined.
  • Colorado HB24-1057 (01/10/2024) Introduced - Regarding the prohibition of landlords using an algorithmic device to determine residential rent, this legislation declares such use as an unfair or deceptive trade practice under the "Colorado Consumer Protection Act."
  • Georgia HB 890 (01/09/2024) Second Reading - Aims to establish protections against discrimination by artificial intelligence and automated decision tools, prohibiting certain defenses and providing definitions.
  • Georgia HB 887 (01/09/2024) Second Reading - Prohibits the use of artificial intelligence in making certain decisions regarding insurance coverage.
  • Hawaii HB 2524 (01/24/2024) Referred to LBT, CPN - Prevents discriminatory use of algorithmic eligibility determinations, mandates notice to individuals affected, requires annual reports to the Attorney General, and establishes civil enforcement measures.
  • Hawaii HB 1607 (01/17/2024) Introduced - Prohibits discriminatory eligibility determinations through algorithmic decision-making and requires users to provide notices to individuals whose personal information is utilized in the decision-making process.
  • Hawaii SB 2696 (01/24/2024) Referred to CPN - Establishes standards for the collection, sale, and destruction of consumer health data by regulated entities and small businesses.
  • Hawaii SB 2687 (01/24/2024) Referred to JDC - Prohibits a person from distributing, or entering into an agreement with another person to distribute, materially deceptive media unless the media contains a disclaimer.  
  • Hawaii HB 2176 (01/24/2024) Introduced - Emphasizes the importance of ensuring responsible and transparent development, deployment, and use of AI to protect residents' safety, privacy, and fundamental rights.
  • Illinois SB 2786 (01/17/2024)  Establishes the Digital Forgeries Act, granting individuals depicted in digital forgeries the right to take legal action against anyone knowingly distributing, creating, or soliciting the creation of a digital forgery without the depicted individual's consent.
  • New Jersey S968 (01/06/2024) Introduced - Prohibits use of facial recognition technology on consumers except for legitimate safety purposes.
  • New York A 216 (01/03/2024) Referred to Consumer Affairs - Relates to requiring advertisements to disclose the use of synthetic media
  • Tennessee HB 2340 (01/30/2024) Introduced and SB 2460 (01/31/2024) Introduced - Updates the Code Annotated to define "artificial intelligence" and "synthetic media," enabling individuals harmed by intentionally misleading synthetic media to pursue relief and damages.
  • Tennessee SB 2431 (01/31/2024) Introduced - Amends to the Code to regulate A.I.-generated content by mandating a disclosure requirement before distribution, regardless of consent.
  • Vermont H 711 (01/09/2024) Introduced - Creates oversight and liability standards for developers and deployers of inherently dangerous artificial intelligence systems. 
  • Virginia SB 164 (01/07/2024) - Amends 59.1-200 of the Code of Virginia, specifically addressing prohibited practices under the Virginia Consumer Protection Act and emphasizing disclosure requirements related to artificial intelligence.

New Agencies and Committees 

  • California SB-893 (01/03/2024) Introduced - Requires the Government Operations Agency, the Governor’s Office of Business and Economic Development, and the Department of Technology to collaborate to establish the California Artificial Intelligence Research Hub (hub) in the Government Operations Agency.
  • Delaware HB 333 (01/18/2024) Introduced - Creates the Delaware Artificial Intelligence ("AI") Commission. 
  • Florida HB 1459 (01/07/2024) Added to Appropriations Committee - Creates the Government Technology Modernization Council within the Department of Management Services
  • Florida SB 1680 (01/30/2024) Sent to Rules - Establishes the Government Technology Modernization Council 
  • Georgia SR 476 (01/24/2024) Introduced - Creates the Senate Study Committee on Artificial Intelligence.
  • Georgia HB 988 (01/24/2024) Second Reading - Relates to the Georgia Technology Authority, so as to provide for an annual inventory of artificial intelligence usage by state agencies.
  • Hawaii HB 1924 (01/29/2024) Bill Scheduled to be heard by WAL and SB 2284 (01/19/2024) Introduced- Establishes and implements a two-year program to develop a wildfire forecast system for the State using artificial intelligence approaches. 
  • Hawaii HB SB 2860 (01/19/2024) Referred to PSN - Provides that The Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation will conduct a study to assess the viability of employing artificial intelligence technology to enhance safety for departmental staff and inmates within correctional institutions.
  • Hawaii HB 2152 (01/22/2024) Introduced-Establishes a plan for the use of generative artificial intelligence in state agencies, departments, and government branches. Requires the Office of Enterprise Technology Services to carry out risk assessments and to prepare guidelines for state uses.
  • Hawaii SB 2285 (01/29/2024) Committee on HHS - Involves the State Health Planning and Development Agency preparing reports on various emerging health issues, including but not limited to medical ethics, health care rationing, involuntary care, care for the indigent, and standards for research and development in biotechnology, genetic engineering, remote monitoring, artificial intelligence, and workforce development.
  • Hawaii SB 2918 (01/29/2024) Committee on HHS - Focuses on the State Health Planning and Development Agency's responsibility to prepare reports on emerging health issues, encompassing medical ethics, health care rationing, involuntary care, care for the indigent, and standards for research and development in biotechnology, genetic engineering, remote monitoring, and artificial intelligence.
  • Hawaii SB 2572 (01/24/2024) Referred to JDC - Establishes the Office of Artificial Intelligence Safety and Regulation within the Department of Commerce and Consumer Affairs to regulate the development, deployment, and use of artificial intelligence technologies in the State.
  • Indiana SB 150 (01/29/2024) Passed Body of Origin - Creates  the artificial intelligence task force (task force) to study and assess use of artificial  intelligence  technology  by  state  agencies
  • Kentucky HCR 38 (01/25/2024) Committee on Economic Development - A Concurrent Resolution pertaining to the establishment of the Artificial Intelligence Task Force.
  • Mississippi SB 2062 (01/18/2024) Introduced - Enacts the Artificial Intelligence in Education Task Force Act to evaluate and recommend responsible uses of AI in K-12 and higher education..
  • New York 8138 (01/09/2024) Introduced - Creates a temporary state commission to  study  and  investigate how  to regulate artificial intelligence, robotics and automation
  • New Jersey A2364 (01/09/2024) Introduced - Establishes Deep Fake Technology Unit in DLPS
  • New Jersey A1781 (01/09/2024) Introduced - Requires Commissioner of Labor and Workforce Development to conduct study and issue report on impact of artificial intelligence on growth of State’s economy.
  • New Mexico SB 130 (01/22/2024) Introduced - Addresses artificial intelligence by establishing a work group on AI systems, mandating reports, and allocating funds.
  • Rhode Island HB 7158 (01/25/2024) Committee Recommends Further Study - Mandates an inventory of state agencies using artificial intelligence and establishes a permanent commission to monitor and recommend policies, filing annual reports to the governor and the general assembly.
  • Tennessee HB2325 (01/29/2024) Introduced - Establishes the Artificial Intelligence Advisory Council.
  • Tennessee HB 2341 (01/30/2024) Introduced and SB2461 (01/31/2024) Introduced- Introduces a new code section defining "artificial intelligence" and directs each executive branch department to create a plan preventing malicious AI use.
  • Tennessee SB 1651 (01/10/2024) Passed on Second - Tasks The Tennessee Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations (TACIR) with studying various approaches to the regulation of artificial intelligence, both within the United States and by other countries.
  • Tennessee SB 2678 (01/31/2024) Introduced - Establishes in The "Tennessee Artificial Intelligence Advisory Council Act" a council of 19 members (potentially 21), to provide guidance and expertise on artificial intelligence matters in the state, including representatives from economic and community development, labor and workforce development, and education. 
  • Tennessee SB 2530 (01/31/2024) Establishes a 15-member council to recommend an action plan for the effective use of artificial intelligence in state government. 
  • Utah SB 149 (01/26/2024) Introduced - Creates the Office of Artificial Intelligence Policy, allowing temporary mitigation of regulatory impacts during AI pilot testing, initiating the Artificial Intelligence Learning Laboratory Program, mandating disclosure in regulated occupations, and granting rulemaking authority over AI programs and regulatory exemptions to the office.
  • Virginia SB 621 (01/31/2024) Finance and Appropriations Committee - Establishes The Commission on Artificial Intelligence as an advisory body within the state government's executive branch.
  • Virginia SJ 14 (01/24/2024) Referred to Rules - Directs the Joint Commission on Technology and Science to study advancements in artificial intelligence.
  • West Virginia HR 3 (01/10/2024) Passed Body of Origin - Creates a Select Committee on Artificial Intelligence. 

State Government Transparency and Funding 

  • California AB-2013 (01/31/2024) Introduced - Extends disclosure requirements to developers of AI systems or services in California, regardless of compensation, for state agencies, by January 1, 2026.
  • California SB-896 (01/03/2024) Introduced - Requires relevant agencies to produce a "State of California Benefits and Risk of Generative Artificial Intelligence Report," examining significant uses of AI tools by the state and updating the report as prescribed.
  • Florida HB 1461(01/25/2024 ) State Affairs Committee - Amends s. 501.174, F.S., exempting information on investigations by the Department of Legal Affairs into specific artificial intelligence transparency violations from public records requirements.
  • Florida SB 1260 (01/24/2024) State Appropriations Committee - Relates to verification of reemployment assistance benefit eligibility, mandates the department to procure a modernized online workforce search and match tool, incorporating artificial intelligence for participant-job matching. 
  • Hawaii HB 2245 (01/24/2024) Introduced - Mandates the establishment and development of an Artificial Intelligence Government Services Pilot Program by The Office of Enterprise Technology Services.
  • Hawaii SB 2879 (01/24/2024) Referred to LBT - Establishes and appropriates funds for an artificial intelligence government services pilot program to provide certain government services to the public through an internet portal that uses artificial intelligence technologies.
  • Kentucky SB 34 (01/05/2024) Referred to Appropriations and Revenue - Prohibits the Cabinet for Health and Family Services from relying solely on automated, artificial intelligence, or algorithmic software for fraud identification in administered programs.
  • New Mexico SB 184 (01/22/2024) Introduced - Enacts the Government Use of Artificial Intelligence Transparency Act, requiring inventories, assessments, and vendor transparency for artificial intelligence products and services.
  • New Jersey SB 1438 (01/09/2024) Regulates the use of automated systems and artificial intelligence by State agencies.
  • Massachusetts H4242 (01/11/2024) Senate concurred - Enacts "The Future Tech Act of 2024" to address the future information technology needs of Massachusetts, providing funding for essential information technology capital requirements.
  • Virginia SB 487 (01/31/2024) Referred to Finance and Appropriations - Prohibits the use of artificial intelligence by public bodies.


  • Florida HB 1361 (01/05/2024) Introduced - Provides for grants to school districts to implement artificial intelligence in support of students and teachers; providing requirements for the use of such artificial intelligence.
  • Florida SB 1344 (01/04/2024) Introduced - Creates the AI in Education Task Force within the Department of Education
  • Florida SB 7038 (01/18/2024) Appropriations - Authorizes a school district to receive grant funds for specific purposes, with the condition that grant recipients must choose an artificial intelligence platform meeting specified requirements.
  • Kentucky SB 52 (01/03/2024) Sent to Education - Declares an educational emergency for the implementation of AI in education.
  • Illinois HB 4625 (01/31/2024) Referred to Rules Committee - Establishes that all school districts must provide developmentally appropriate digital literacy instruction, including digital citizenship, media literacy, and AI literacy, guided by the State Board of Education.
  • Tennessee SB 1711 (01/11/2024) Introduced and HB 1630 (01/09/2024) Introduced - Establishes that the board of trustees of the University of Tennessee, the board of regents, and each local governing board of trustees of a state university are mandated to establish rules regarding the use of artificial intelligence technology for instructional and assignment purposes by students, faculty, and staff.
  • Tennessee HB2344 (01/30/2024) Introduce and SB 2765 (01/31/2024) Introduced -  Emphasizes the need for proactive measures to prevent violence and highlights walk-through metal detectors, including those integrated with artificial intelligence (AI), as flexible and effective security tools.
  • Virginia SB563 (01/24/2024) Health Subcommittee and HB1051 (01/10/2024) Referred to Education Committee - Addresses dual enrollment, concurrent enrollment, and high school graduation. It suggests counting computer science course credits as science, mathematics, or high-demand career and technical education credits. The Board is to develop guidelines for computer science and artificial intelligence courses meeting graduation requirements.  
  • Virginia SB 385 (01/09/2024) Health Committee - pertains to the use of artificial intelligence technology in education.


  • California AB-1791 (01/05/2024) Introduced - Expresses intent for future amendments, requiring California-based generative AI companies to incorporate technical standards from the Coalition for Content Provenance and Authenticity into their tools and platforms.
  • Hawaii SB 3256 (01/29/2024)  Referred to GVO - Requires individuals using government records under Hawaii's Uniform Information Practices Act for news and social media reports to respond to record requests. Recognizes the heightened risk of misinformation facilitated by artificial intelligence technology.
  • Illinois HB 4611 (01/29/2024) Introduced - Amends the Illinois Insurance Code to prohibit insurers, in motor vehicle liability insurance practices, from unfairly discriminating. It also prohibits the unjust use of external consumer data and information sources. The Department of Insurance is empowered to examine and investigate insurers' utilization of external consumer data, information sources, algorithms, or predictive models in these practices.
  • New Jersey S1588 (01/09/2024) Introduced - Regulates use of automated tools in hiring decisions to minimize discrimination in employment.
  • New York SB 8214 (01/12/2024) Introduced - Addresses the registration of companies primarily engaged in artificial intelligence-related activities
  • New York SB 8206 (01/12/2024) Requires the collection of oaths of responsible use from users of certain generative or surveillance advanced artificial intelligence systems
  • New York S 7922  (01/03/2024) and A8098-A - Introduced - Requires publishers of books created with the use of generative artificial intelligence to contain a disclosure of such. 
  • New York S07847 (01/03/2024) and A08158 Introduced - Requires publications to identify when the use of artificial intelligence is present within such publication.  
  • Vermont H710 (01/09/2024) Introduced- Pertains to the regulation of developers and deployers of specific artificial intelligence systems. 
  • Virginia HB 747 (01/09/2024) Assigned to CT & I Subcommittee - Sets standards for developers and deployers, addressing risks, discrimination, disclosures, and impact assessments, with enforcement by the Attorney General's Office.


  • Florida SB 7018 (01/18/2024) Passed Body of Origin - Creates the Health Care Innovation Council, overseeing annual reports, and directs the Department of Health to manage a revolving loan program for healthcare innovation with the possibility of third-party contracts.
  • Hawaii SB 2462 (01/29/2024) Addresses the State Health Planning and Development Agency's duty to prepare reports on various emerging health issues, including medical ethics, health care rationing, involuntary care, care for the indigent, and standards for research and development in biotechnology, genetic engineering, remote monitoring, and artificial intelligence.
  • Hawaii HB 1566 (01/24/2024) Referred to JHA - Requires enhanced disclosures and consumer consent for collecting, sharing, and using consumer health data. It grants consumers the right to request deletion of their health data and addresses the processing of information, including algorithms or machine learning, to associate consumers with health data derived from non-health information.
  • Illinois SB 2795 (01/17/2024) Referred to Assignments - Enacts the Safe Patient Limits Act, specifying maximum patient assignments for registered nurses and allowing facilities to assign fewer patients. The legislation safeguards the independent nursing judgment of direct care registered professional nurses, allowing them to override recommendations, decisions, or outputs of health information technology, algorithms, systems based on artificial intelligence or machine learning, or clinical practice guidelines without penalty.
  • Rhode Island HB 7295 (01/26/2024) Introduced - Amends Title 23 of the General Laws entitled "HEALTH AND SAFETY" with a definition of AI. 
  • Virginia HB353 (01/31/2024) Introduced and SB 392  (01/31/2024) Senate - Mandates healthcare facilities to establish policies for physician presence and the permissible use of patient-provided intelligent personal assistants during inpatient services, ensuring compliance with regulations and safeguarding health information under HIPAA.
  • Virginia SB 537 (01/30/2024) Introduced and HB 763 (01/09/2024) Health Subcommittee- Addresses the use of smoke evacuation systems during surgical procedures and intelligent personal assistants.
  • Virginia HB 1498 (01/19/2024) Report to Health and Human Services and SB 173 (01/17/2024) Passed Body of Origin- Creates the addition of a definition of “intelligent personal assistants.”
  • Virginia SB 579 (01/18/2024) Health Subcommittee - Addresses professional liability insurance in nursing homes and certified nursing facilities and introduces a definition of "intelligent personal assistant" within the relevant section.
  • Virginia HB 886 (01/19/2024) Health Subcommittee - Certified nursing facilities; administrative sanctions, facilities subject to minimum standards includes a definition of “intelligent personal assistant.” 
  • Virginia HB 664 (01/31/2024) Sent to Health Subcommittee - Addresses the treatment and care, as well as penalties, related to born-alive infants resulting from abortions includes a definition of “intelligent personal assistant.”